Somalia is situated in the Horn of Africa, bordered to the northwest by Djibouti, to the southwest by Kenya, to the north by the Gulf of Aden and Yemen, and to the east by the Indian Ocean. The country faces one of the most severe famines globally, exacerbated by its presence in a dry climatic region characterized by a sharp decline in annual rainfall for consecutive years, impacting rivers and wells, rendering them dry. This, coupled with the death of livestock, a significant livelihood for many, contributes to the hardships faced by the population.
For nearly a century, Somalia has endured harsh famines, claiming millions of lives and displacing countless individuals, with notable crises in 1964, 1992, and 2011. The prolonged drought, recurrent climatic shocks, frequent disease outbreaks, and escalating poverty further compound the challenges faced by the Somali people. Currently, 6.5 million people grapple with acute food insecurity amid the driest conditions in 40 years.
A staggering 1.84 million children under the age of five confront severe malnutrition. Large numbers of people have been forced to abandon their homes, with over 1.5 million individuals displaced due to the drought since the onset of the climate crisis.
The Ensany team, during their humanitarian campaigns in Somalia, met Adam Hussein and his family. Adam described their displacement journey, saying, "My family and I fled from the city of Baidoa to Mogadishu. We walked continuously for three days. Thanks to God, we finally reached the home of my daughter's husband, and currently, we reside with them. However, the house is small and cannot accommodate all of us. Adding to that, our living conditions and financial situation are deteriorating for all of us." (Click to watch the video).
Thousands of Somali families, like Adam and his family, have been displaced to Mogadishu and other Somali cities in search of a better life. However, their struggles don't end upon arrival as they face even greater challenges, such as securing housing, food, and finding employment to meet their needs.
Sherifa, who, after migrating to Mogadishu, expressed, "We fled due to poverty and hunger, reaching Mogadishu after immense hardship and fatigue. Yet, we have no home, unsure of where to live and how to manage our affairs. Life is extremely difficult for us. I own a small piece of land in Mogadishu, but what's the use when my family and I lack the means to buy food, let alone build a house on this land!"
The harsh conditions faced by Somalia necessitate the adoption of comprehensive and sustainable solutions. The international community must support Somalia in developing effective strategies for managing water resources and improving rural infrastructure. Additionally, there is a need to focus on diversifying income sources and enhancing agricultural education to empower the community in facing environmental challenges. Furthermore, fostering partnerships between the Somali government and humanitarian organizations is crucial to promote sustainable development and adapt to climate changes.